Varicose and Spider Veins: What You Should Know About it

By: James Pendergraft

If you think that varicose and spider veins are the least of your concerns, think again. These are problems that could become major health issues if not attended to right away. All veins are connected to the heart. It is also through this body system that oxygen is transmitted to the vital organs.

Everybody knows that blood runs through the veins. But more than that, the veins can also act as a blood storage system. When a person sleeps, blood doesnít flow as fast as it does during the waking hours. As such, a good portion of the blood is stored in the veins while the rest circulates as it should.

What are varicose and spider veins?

The walls of the veins have the capacity to expand. Simply defined, varicose and spider veins are visible, bulging veins. These veins are commonly seen in the thighs and legs area, although they may develop almost anywhere in the body.

Varicose veins are very large veins. You can feel them by touching. It is usually long and dilated, having a diameter of more than 4 millimeters. These veins usually form at the back of the knees, running from the thighs down.

Spider veins, on the other hand, are smaller in size. They look like fine lines appearing on the surface of the skin. Spider veins are most commonly seen in the feet, ankles, and thighs. At times, they may also form on the face.

Causes of Varicose and Spider Veins

If you want to prevent these veins, it is best that you know what causes them. Varicose and spider veins form when there is poor oxygen-blood circulation in that particular body part. The main reason why these problem veins develop is usually because of venous insufficiency. When the valves of the veins become weak, blood would tend to flow backwards and leak. When that happens, the pooled blood that had collected would enlarge and become visible on the surface. Thatís how varicose veins form.

The risk factors for varicose veins are as follows:

* age
* heredity
* hormonal changes
* pregnancy
* obesity
* sun exposure

When Do Varicose and Spider Veins Become a Problem?

Aside from giving your legs an unsightly apperance, varicose veins become a problem when they cause leg pains, swelling, numbness, and itching in and around the affected areas. Varicose veins may also give your legs a feeling of heaviness, causing you to feel tired easily when walking, running, or doing any other physical activities involving the legs.

Varicose and spider veins are considered diseases of the blood vessels. As such, you are going to need the help of a doctor to treat the problem. When left untreated, the condition could lead to more serious health concerns that involve the heart. On the first few signs of varicose veins in your legs, be sure to consult with a certified health specialist to receive the proper treatments as soon as possible.

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