History of Indian universities

By: Frosher

India, before independence, didn’t get much help from its ruling powers in the field of higher education, so as soon as the new govt. formed after independence, they have to start the process from the very beginning. Only 20 universities and around 500 colleges were present in India to provide higher education in India at the time of Independence. But, India has shown significant improvement to increase the no. of colleges and universities in the country. India reached to about 179 universities at the end of 1990 which were then increased to around 511 at the time of financial year 2006-07 and after that, a large no. of universities has added to this data which is still increasing at the present time.
India has both public and private universities. The public universities are supported by the Indian government and the state governments. The private universities are generally supported by different organization, groups and societies. In India, the universities are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), under the control of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. Fifteen additional professional councils are also established which help control the different facets of accreditation and coordination. There are four types of universities in India, they are; Central universities, State universities, Deemed universities and Private universities.
India is a home for Education. There are over 570 Universities and 45,000 Colleges of various types in the country. Most of these educational institutions need recognition by a competent body / regulatory authority that are supported by the Government of India, State Governments or by Societies.
There is a number of Universities in India for getting higher education. We can divide them into central universities, state universities, deemed universities and private universities. There are 42 Central Universities, 285 State Universities, 130 Deemed Universities and 125 Private Universities. Here on this page we will provide you a list of top-most universities of all states, so that you can get the latest information regarding that university. Each university has got its own culture, its own syllabus, and examination pattern and time table.

Role of Indian universities
In the developing countries, universities have to play an active role in transforming traditional society into the modern information society or knowledge society. Universities have the social obligation for producing specific, technical and skilled manpower required for the society. Universities have a major role in information generation since a major part of scientific and technical publications are from the universities.

List of Fake Universities in India 2013 declared by UGC
Fake Universities: This is very important news to hear that University Grant Commission (UGC) has announced the list of Fake (UN recognized) Universities/Institutions. Please note down and verify before take admission. Dear Members, as we know that Many of Innocent and unknown candidates and students get caught/trolled by the Fake Universities and Institutions. Actually It is observed that Many of the institutions offering undergraduate(UG)/post graduate(PG) courses in various subjects even these institutions are not established under either Central or State or UGC Act and hence, these institutions are fake universities/vishwavidyalayas and do not have any right to confer/grant degrees. So all the dear members are advised that please be careful and beware from these universities and always be updated time to time, when you are going to join any university.
Top Ten University in India
India offers numerous distance education providing institutes. The top ten distance education universities in India provide the best educational programs at competitive rates. Most of the top ten distance education Universities in India select candidates via online tests whereas some provide admissions simply on the basis of the student’s merit.

• Indira Gandhi National Open University
• Annamalai University
• Osmania University
• Sikkim Manipal University
• Nalanda Open University
• Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning
• University of Madras
• Mahatma Gandhi University
• Karnataka State Open University
• ICFAI University

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