Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

By: Sophia Amsterdine

A derived genetic condition, acute lymphocytic leukemia or ALL from the overproduction and multiplication of destructive white blood cells in the bone marrow. Acute lymphocytic leukemia develops when these cells multiply, ultimately leading to the decline of the body's good health. It may even result in death, or spread to the other parts of the body.
Most prevalent in young adults and children, this specific cancer type's effects differ depending on the time when it was diagnosed, and the patient's age. The age when acute lymphocytic leukemia reaches its climax is between four to six years old. Experts just recently came upon the discovery that another peak exists in elderly patients. Extensive research regarding this condition is incessantly being undertaken by experts.
The Effects of ALL
There is short term and long term effects living with ALL and it will be emotionally, physically and financially straining them. While living with ALL, your abnormal blood cells crowd around other cells in the bone marrow. This prevents your body from producing red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets causing many problems in their future such as anemia, and more infection.
Other acute lymphocytic leukemia symptoms are:
*Joint pain
*Shortness of breath
*Persistent infections
*Easy bleeding and slow healing of wounds
The Illness and its Diagnosis
Acute lymphocytic leukemia's symptoms are so common, which is the reason why the first steps of a patient's diagnosis begins with a physical examination and carefully getting the patient's medical history. In the course of the diagnosis, generally the patient's case is worse when the white blood cell count is higher.
In approximately 90% of the cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia, a blood smear shows the presence of blast cells. One other recognized way of effectively proving the absence or presence of acute lymphocytic leukemia is through the use of a bone marrow biopsy.
Treatment of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Children with ALL are presented with a number of treatment options. Chemotherapy is the main treatment that is availabl, utilizing specific drugs for the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia and its variations.
However, treatments are not the same every time. To be able to treat children afflicted with the illness, a combination of drug formulations will be used and will be administered over a specified period of time, which often lasts from two to three years. This extended period of treatment for children with acute lymphocytic leukemia calls for physicians with high levels of expertise in the treatment of cancer.

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