With the development of society and the improvement of people's living standards, people pay more and more attention to oral health. Older people are as a large group, their oral health is widespread concerned.
For elderly, the main oral problems related to aging are root surface caries, edentulous jaw, unhealthy mucosa and periodontal tissue.
Caries are commonly known as "rotten teeth", it is mainly due to bacteria adhere to the tooth surface break down food, after producing acid, causing tooth decalcification. Elderly increases with age, gradually will be shrinking gums, periodontal attachment level gradually becomes low, caused the gaps widening between the teeth, root of the tooth is exposure, resulting in elderly caries with the obvious characteristics.
First, it shows significant gender differences, the ratio of older women getting caries was significantly higher than men, and women, which may be related to women like sweets, snacks and other dietary habit. Another feature is the root caries significantly more than sub crown caries. In children, young and middle-aged, due to good periodontal attachment and less exposed root surfaces, dental caries are more occurred in crown; elderly due to the above mentioned the root exposures causing by aging, and bad oral hygiene, sugar and sweets are intake of more, leaving them vulnerable to the formation of root caries. Another very important reason is likely to cause root caries is most of elderly wear dentures (false teeth). If oral hygiene is not good, it is easy to cause root caries.
Then, how olderly to improve their oral health, and reduce the opportunity of the prevalence of dental caries? We should insist on doing the following points:
First, learn the correct method of brushing teeth. Old people should choose care toothbrush that is suitable for elderly or adults, at the same time choose the toothpaste with fluoride can prevent root caries, in addition to brushing teeth in the morning and evening, brush your teeth after every meal, just gargle after meals can't replace brushing teeth. Best use of vertical brush when brushing your teeth, moderate strength, time is about around three minutes, too vigorously to brush teeth root will be likely to cause tooth damage.
Second, in addition to insisting on brushing teeth, clean slit between the teeth is also very important. Because the elderly slit between the teeth is wide, sloppy teeth, only brush teeth is not enough to keep clean, in the circumstances, recommend to use clearance brush, If you do not have the gap brush or floss, you can choose a flat or wedge-shaped toothpick, along the two contact surfaces of each wide interdental space, slowly sliding, do not use too much force and too quickly, this can help clean material alba on the surface of teeth and dental plaque, and prevent the occurrence of root caries.
Finally, we need to remind elderly friends to pay attention to protect the abutment, which is used to support the denture teeth, these teeth are often overlooked and not cleaned. Every day, removes dentures after meals every day, carefully clean abutments. If the abutment is bad, you should go to a special hospital for treatment.
The above content hopes it can be benefit to the teeth of elderly people.
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