What Sets Apart Nuclear Radiology From Other Fields Of Radiology?

By: jacksmith

Nuclear Radiology refers to that subspecialty of radiology which focuses on imaging, treatment as well as diagnosis of patients using negligible quantities of radioactive materials. Extremely small quantities of radiopharmaceuticals or radioactive materials are utilized for examination of organ structure as well as function. During the examinations, a combination of radionuclides and other pharmaceuticals or chemical compounds is utilized for producing radiopharmaceuticals. Later, these radiopharmaceuticals are administered to the patients. After administration, these substances are capable of localizing themselves to specified cellular receptors or organs.
The imaging procedures incorporate the imaging of heart as well as the skeletal system. Moreover, the field is used for imaging other organs of our body such as liver, thyroid as well as parathyroid glands, spleen, kidneys and lungs. Moreover, this branch of radiology includes the treatment of different conditions like thyroid cancer and hyperactive gland. Besides this, the imaging modalities also include PET/CT, PET and gamma imaging.
Nuclear Radiology combines various disciplines like computer technology, mathematics, medicine, physics and chemistry. This field of radiology is some times utilized for diagnosis as well as treatment of abnormalities at early stages of a disease. Moreover, as X-rays are passed through soft tissues like muscles, blood vessels and intestines, contrast agents are utilized in nuclear imaging. While anatomy forms the basis for diagnostic radiology, nuclear imaging is used for examination of organ structure and functions.
In general, a nuclear imaging scan incorporates three stages. These are the administration of radiopharmaceutical (tracers), taking pictures as well as interpretation of images. The time needed for administering the tracer and taking images varies with the body tissue under examination. The most common nuclear imaging scans include renal scans, thyroid scans, bone scans, gallium scans, brain scans, breast scans and heart scans. However, a heart scan remains the most commonly conducted nuclear medicine examination. Radionuclide angiography scans and myocardial perfusion scans are the two basic heart scans which are generally performed.

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For more information regarding: nuclear radiology, PET Scan. Please visit: Radiology-info.org

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