Premature ovarian failure is a condition affecting the reproductive system of women before they reach the age of 40. This means that both ovaries lose their function. Premature ovarian failure is known by various names such as premature menopause, primary ovarian failure, or primary ovarian insufficiency. In terms of percentage, the number of women affected by the disorder is small, although if translated to actual figures, the number exceeds hundreds of thousands.
Causes of Premature Ovarian Failure
Premature ovarian failure arises suddenly in women. In some cases, the cause is believed to be attributed to autoimmune disorders while others are attributed to genetic disorders like Turner Syndrome. On the other hand, chemotherapy and similar radiation treatment can also cause premature ovarian failure. The presence of chemotherapy is decidedly a factor that contributes to the development of premature ovarian failure. Even though the ovaries can still function after menopause, hormonal production is at very low levels so as to render child bearing impossible. On the other hand, radiation therapy makes the ovary stop functioning and the resulting hormonal production is comparable only to that of a woman whose ovaries have been removed. In most cases of premature ovarian failure, family history seems to play a prominent role, insinuating the possibility that the disease may run in some families.
Recommended Treatments for Premature Ovarian Failure
Treatment of premature ovarian failure will depend heavily on the kind of case experienced by a woman. Premature ovarian failure is classified into two types:
* When there is few to a total absence of follicles. In this type, the most common culprit are genetic disorders, radiation therapy, surgery, and infection. As such, when one activity has been positively identified as the cause of the disorder, prompt action should be made to stop the factors causing the disorder, with the exception of genetic disorders.
* A situation where there is premature ovarian failure despite an abundance of follicles. In this case, the most common cause is an autoimmune ovarian disease that damages mature follicles.
Because the disease is known to show up shortly before or during the onset of menopause, the condition itself may bring other disorders that can only complicate the picture. For one, body cramps and bone weakening are almost always sure to occur, although these can be treated easily. The problem here lies when the symptoms of one disease is confused with that of another and may cause the medication to be mixed up. As such, proper identification of the symptoms of the presence of premature ovarian failure should be made to ensure that the correct steps are taken.
One treatment method that should be employed cautiously is hormonal replacement. With it, bodily hormones are infused into the woman’s body. This method is so complicated that a lot of factors have to be considered first before deciding to use the method. One such factor is the state of health of the woman and the benefits that could be derived from the application.
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