Water Conservation: Garden Techniques

By: Julien Raynal


Gardening in areas where there is little rain or rationed water can be challenging and difficult. There are ways however to make the most of what water or rainfall you have. This is done by finding ways to use your available home tools to minimize water loss from your garden or by maximizing the use of the water you have.

Maximizing the use of water:

The first step would be to invest in a good water hose. Regularly check you water hoses and make sure the washers are properly installed to minimize water loss. Cheap hoses normally do not last long and spring leaks often especially if left in the hot sun. Cheap hoses are difficult to coil and store and are subject to kinking, making them extremely inefficient. Purchase a reasonably priced rubber hose as vinyl hoses do not last long. A variety of garden hoses are available at stores that sell garden home tools.

If you donít have time to water or have a bigger budget, consider installing a soaker hoses irrigation system. This may be a simple weekend project with the right home tools. The irrigation system will save you a lot of time and water. The holes in hoses can be directed to areas where the water is needed at the base of the plant. This will reduce the amount of water lost to evaporation and run off.

It is however essential that you check your system regularly for holes or any other damage that would hinder your efficiency. Choosing the best time of day to water can also help with your water conservation. Water at night is not the most efficient as this leads to mildews and fungi potentially infecting your plants. The best time to water is during the early morning hours.

Adding a layer of mulch to your garden helps retain the moisture content of your soil. The mulch effectively insulates the soil and improves the quality of your soil. The mulch will eventually decompose and add to the organic content of the soil, making it richer and more able to support healthier plants as well as retain more moisture, which in turn requires less watering.

By adding minerals and soil additive you can improve the quality of your soil. Test your soil then add to it what it is lacking. Increasing the organic matter in your soil allows it to retain water longer. Make sure you have the right garden home tools for the job.

Set up rainwater collection systems in your backyard or around your house. Use this water to water your planters and pots. Using your home tools, you could install hoses to your water collecting system and have a soaker hose water irrigation system set up.

Another thing to take into consideration is the type of plants in your garden. Choose plants that are suitable to your climate. Study your weather and know your gardening zones well. Trying to grow plants from outside your gardening zone may require excessive watering but if you choose plants that can adapt to a drier environment and do not require frequent watering, you will be rewarded with plants that thrive.

By treating water as an important and valuable commodity and using some imagination and the right home tools, you can have beautiful and lush garden in areas that experience drought. Even in areas that ration water in the summer months.

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