A triathlon is a physical competition involving three disciplines: swimming, cycling and running. These three events are completed in successions without breaks. Triathlons are endurance activities covering long distances. The first modern triathlon took place on September 25, 1974. Since then triathlons have become extremely popular and are now held throughout the world. Sprint triathlons are short-distance triathlons, usually consisting of 750-meter swim, 20k-bike ride and a 5k run. This is half of the distance of an Olympic triathlon.
Training for three disciplines can take up a lot of time. As most athletes train five to seven days a week, often twice a day, it is important they adopt eating strategies that promotes recovery and maximize energy stores between training sessions. Triathlon training nutrition includes several tips. Athlete should eat fruits and vegetables. Eating lots of food and vegetables is the most effective way to nourish body for fitness and overall health. Athlete should eat balanced and variety of food. Athlete should limit its consumption of unnatural foods. Our bodies are not designed to make good use of various types of processed and unnatural food that are popular toady. Athlete should optimize his body composition. It is one of the most effective ways to increase triathlon performance. It means to achieve a body fat percentage that is that is close to the minimum body needs. Athlete should customize his nutrition to his unique body. Each human being is genetically unique. Similarly each of us has unique set of nutritional needs. Athlete should eat early and often. Eating smaller meals frequently also tends to result to less fat storage than eating large meals infrequently. Because amount of energy in a small meal is sufficient only to supply the body‘s immediate energy needs.
Sprint triathlon training can be very technical and requires commitment and dedication to be successful. A focused training program covers every aspect of the race. Overtraining is a condition that can hinder improvements from sprint triathlon training. To prevent overtraining, training frequency is important to gradually increase the intensity of each workout. Start at least 8 weeks before race to combine swimming, biking and running workouts. Most athletes, to be competitive, dedicate four months of sprint triathlon training for an event. With short and fast sprint triathlon distance, power and success is crucial for success. Incorporate strength training into the training program at least four days per week to increase strength and power.
Athlete should focus on compound body movements such as squats, lunges, dead lifts, pull-ups, push-ups and sit-ups. Time spent transitioning between the swim and the bike and the bike and the run can cost an athlete crucial time in the sprint triathlon. There is no time to spare during the transitions as the competitors are quickly changing and moving to the next stage. Athlete should practice setting up his transition are with a towel to dry of his feet, cycling shoes, helmet, bib number and running shoes. Spend time on working on mechanics for the swim, bike and run.
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