The construction industry is responsible for structures like schools, commercial complexes, residential premises, building roads, hospitals, etc. It is also responsible for the maintenance and the repairs of these structures. The construction business is broadly classified into three categories, namely, building general structures like constructing homes, hospitals, etc., building heavy industrial structures and finally construction of roads, highways, etc.
Training and Advancement:
For a successful career in the construction industry, a person is either supposed to have certain amount of work experience or a good college degree. Apprenticeship training programs are very popular among students. They can even pursue their dreams in this industry just after high school without any formal training in construction. On the other hand, workers can acquire skills by learning from other workers who have had experience in that particular activity.
However, construction jobs like those of carpenters, electricians, drillers, brick-layers, etc. require a lot of skill on the part of the workers. They can acquire experience by helping out the more experienced workers. In case of high school dropouts, they can start out in the construction industry as helpers. They can help in offloading material, cleaning the construction worksite, etc. They can then slowly advance to jobs that are more responsible by volunteering to work with heavy equipment and performing other demanding tasks. The progress achieved by these workers may be slow but they get a lot of hands-on experience on how things work at construction sites.
They can even enroll themselves to some kind of vocational school or sign up for a workshop in college to hone their skills. In order to acquire these skills, it is advisable that the workers undergo through some sort of formal training. When these workers are skilled enough, the construction unions offer them apprenticeship opportunities to learn the reading of blueprints, understanding construction layouts, using mathematical calculations in their daily work, etc.
These programs are provided by local businessmen and traders and last for about three to four years. They offer experience as well as classroom training. The training sessions can be rigorous so as to teach the workers the different segments of the construction business. The apprentice has to be physically strong since the construction business needs men who are in good shape and used to strenuous work.
To succeed in the construction industry, thorough knowledge of subjects like algebra, geometry, welding and drawing are very handy while performing tasks like drilling, cutting and scrapping wooden planks, etc. A good hand to eye co-ordination, ability to work in a team and good problem solving skills are highly recommended for any construction job. For management jobs in the construction industry, a management degree, preferably MBA is necessary. Students who are fresh out of college may start out as management trainees or assistant managers and work their way up to the position of general manager or a top executive in the construction business. Whereas, the students who are science majors can start out as construction engineers, architects, etc. There are many opportunities in the construction industry.
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