Before you can be approved for a Canada Mortgage, the mortgage company considers four elements. They make a careful analysis and evaluation of your income, credit history, the property being purchased, and the down payment on the property. This will help the Canadian lender decide if he will make you a loan.
Regardless of whether you are employed or self-employed, having a stable income is very important. In fact, it is the first thing that mortgage lenders want to know. If you are self-employed, the mortgage lender will require you to present a certificate of employment along with the last two months of pay slips, and Notice of Assessment Forms from Canada Revenue Agency.
The Notice of Assessment forms confirm that you indeed are earning an income and paying your taxes on time. In addition to this, a representative of the mortgage institutions will call your office to verify your employment.
Lenders will also look into your capacity to make your monthly payments in case you are granted with mortgage loan. The factors that lending institutions take into account are how many people in your family, how long you have had work, monthly bills and other payments you need to make.
Generally, mortgage lenders use a formula to determine how much of a mortgage you can be approved for. Two elements come into play for you to qualify for a Canada Mortgage, namely, the Gross Debt Service Ratio. GDS, and the Total Debt Service Ratio, TDS.
The GDS is the highest percentage of your gross income allocated as payment for the costs of maintaining the house. To this ratio belong the principal and interest mortgage payment, property taxes, heating and condo or apartment fees. It is important that your monthly expenses do not exceed 32% of your total monthly income.
TDS on the other hand is the highest percentage of your gross income that is used to pay the GDS and all other financial debts. To this ratio belong all other loans, credit cards payment, and everything from the GDS. To qualify for Canada Mortgage, it is important that your TDS does not exceed 40% of your total gross monthly income.
Credit History is an equally important element that lenders always review. If in case your credit history is tainted, there are available programs that can help you re-build it. To determine the credit score, there are free services or software that a website offers to calculate it. Whenever loans are the issue, credit history is always a determining factor.
The choice for real estate property is the next element. Lenders are concerned with. They want to know about the physical characteristics and appearance of the property to be mortgaged. The will typically order a home inspection to determines the homes quality.
The real estate property is the lender’s security in case of non-payment. Lenders are very cautious that the real estate property should still be in perfect condition for re-sale, in case of default. Hence, a property appraisal by the lender is a requirement before a Canada Mortgage is granted.
Generally, the down payments are not a constant requirement since there are mortgage program that can cover 100% financing. However, if you have 20% or more of the purchasing price, the Canada Mortgage lender will not require default insurance.
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