Sample Essay on Mitral Valve Stenosis

By: edwinsydney

This valve makes it possible for blood to pass through and keeps it from flowing back. When a patient is suffering from mitral valve stenosis, it means that the valve opening has narrowed down as such, blood cannot flow through it leading to a couple of complications which might include heart failure, blood clots and even fatigue.

Scarring that is as a result of rheumatic fever is also known as one of the leading cause of valve stenosis. While cases of rheumatic fever are rampant in some countries, it is rare in the US as such mitral valve stenosis is also rare according to NIH (National Institutes of Health). Note that rheumatic fever is as a result of strep infection that remains untreated and especially strep throat.

The symptoms do not develop till ten to twenty years after mitral valve stenosis has started. In some cases, it might even take as long as forty years before the symptoms develop. When these symptoms occur for the first time, they are usually mild.
Patients can also showcase just a couple of symptoms even when the mitral valve is extremely narrow. One of the earliest symptoms is shortness of breath whenever the patient is active and often, this might appear normal. Other symptoms that might be noted at later stages include:
o Feeling of tiredness or weakness
o Pounding heart also known as palpitations
o Shortness of breath which can occur even when the patient is not active or when they are resting

If any of these symptoms are noted, it is advisable to seek immediate medical assistance before development of new or worse symptoms.

There are different treatment options for patients suffering from mitral valve stenosis. This might include medical management, percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty done by balloon catheter replacement of mitral valve which is done by surgery. There are also concomitant conditions that determine the kind of treatment used for mitral valve stenosis and they include:
Angina that is treated with beta blockers, calcium blockers and/or nitrovasodilators
Hypertension gets treated aggressively though caution should be exercised when beta-blockers are used.
Heart failure that is treated with diuretics, nitrovasodilators and when not contraindicated administration of ACE inhibitors can be used cautiously.

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