Proposal for amended administrative provisions on driving brakes on bicycles

By: sdfsd


The Swedish Road Administration intends to amend administrative provisions on bicycles, horse-drawn vehicles and kicksleds and introduce an equipment requirement with respect to back-pedal brakes on children’s bicycles with a maximum saddle height greater than 435 mm and less than 635 mm.

The current administrative provisions entered into force on 2 May 2008 and replaced the older administrative provisions on bicycles, etc.

Background

The type of children’s bicycle in question is defined in European as a bicycle with a maximum saddle height greater than 435 mm and less than 635 mm. The distance is measured from the upper part of the saddle to the ground (when the saddle is extended to its maximum allowed height). The EN 14765 Standard from 2005 does not contain any requirements on back-pedal brakes for these children’s bicycles. Smaller children’s bicycles with a maximum saddle height up to and including 435 mm are classified as toys according to EU Directive on the Safety of Toys and are not subject to the children’s bicycle standard.

Since the middle of the 1970’s, an unwritten agreement between the Swedish Consumer Agency and the bicycle industry has existed that children’s bicycles (with a saddle height less than 635 mm) shall have back-pedal brakes that function on the back wheel. The Swedish Consumer Agency’s market controlls have indicated that the agreement has largely been respected.

The Swedish Consumer Agency has participated in standardisation work with the now established children’s bicycle standard SS-EN. This standard has been expanded by the below supplements, which means that the decision whether the main-brake is to be activated by the rider’s hand or foot is to be determined by legislation (or market requirements) of that country to which the bicycle is intended for delivery.

Proposal for amended administrative provisions

The Swedish Road Administration proposes that administrative provisions on bicycles, horse-drawn vehicles and kicksleds be amended according to the attached draft, which means that children’s bicycles with a maximum saddle height greater than 435 mm and les than 635 mm shall be equipped with a main-brake consisting of foot-manoeuvred controls, so called back-pedal brakes.

Consequences and Costs

The Swedish Road Administration’s proposal for amended administrative provisions with increased equipment requirements for cycling means a clear indication for manufacturers and importers with respect to the sale of children’s bicycles in Sweden, since children’s bicycles of a certain saddle height must be equipped with a back-pedal brake in order to be used.

The proposed amendments aim to maintain that safety level for children’s bicycles that were previously attained through voluntary agreement between the Swedish Consumer Agency and the bicycle industry.

The Swedish Consumer Agency would like to make reference to the following reasons why children’s bicycles shall not have only hand-brakes:
Small children cannot reach the handle
Balance and coordination is negatively affected
Small children are not able to brake
Unnatural in panic situations
Difficult to operate in cold weather
Worse braking capacity in slush and water
Handles exposed to damage
Require more maintenance

The Swedish Road Administration shares the opinion of the Swedish Consumer Agency that children’s bicycles lacking a back-pedal brake may constitute a serious safety risk and cause an increased number of accidents.

The Swedish Road Administration deems that the requirement on back-pedal brakes for these children’s bicycles will not result in any significant economic consequences for bicycle manufacturers and importers, since they have accepted the earlier Swedish ”requirement” on back-pedal brakes through voluntary agreement for many years.

The proposed regulatory amendment is envisaged to enter into force at the beginning of 2009 provided that opinions and comments elicited from the consultation process permit this. Following the consultation process, the attached draft amendment will be sent to the National Board of Trade for notification.

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The Swedish Road Administration intends to amend administrative provisions on bicycles, horse-drawn vehicles and kicksleds and introduce an equipment requirement with respect to back-pedal brakes on children’s bicycles with a maximum saddle height greater than 435 mm and less than 635 mm. www.outdoorstackle.com/camping-supplies/camping-tent-series.html

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