Leukemia is a cancer that results in the body to make too many white blood cells. This leads to uncontrolled production of an excessive amount of immature white blood cells can (acute leukemia) or mature (chronic leukemia).Leukemia cells cannot function well, to fight infections and may interfere with the production of red blood cells (containing oxygen) and platelets (stop bleeding).
Causes: - Normally, white blood cells play an important role in the natural body defense system. They attack and destroy foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria. White blood cells in the bone marrow (the spongy) bone. Without healthy and functioning of white blood cells, the body is at risk of developing serious and sometimes fatal infections. The cause of CLL is unknown. Unlike other forms of leukemia, it does not seem to be a relationship to radiation, cancer-causing chemicals (such as benzene) or viruses. As previously mentioned, family history and age are risk factors for developing this disease.
The symptoms of leukemia: - There are many symptoms of leukemia, and all are not experiencing the same symptoms. Some symptoms include fatigue, weakness or chronic fever of unknown origin, weight loss is not to diet or exercise, Frequent bacterial or viral infections, headache, rash, non-specific bone pain, bruising, bleeding gums or nose, blood in urine or feces, lymph nodes and / or spleen, and bloating. Doctors can determine the presence of leukemia through blood tests and bone marrow examinations.
Treatment: - Treat people with leukemia is very difficult. Because they are blood cells, leukemia cells are found throughout the body. Therefore, an operation can not be used alone to treat this disease. Both blood and bone marrow, which doctors diagnosed leukemia. Chemotherapy is the most effective method for the treatment of cancer leukemia. Various anti-cancer drugs are used, usually in combination. In general, the treatment of AML, higher doses of chemotherapy over a shorter period. Treatment for all with lower doses of chemotherapy over a longer period. CML is one of the great successes in cancer treatment. The precise knowledge of the genetic variation in CML, it has doctors, a drug to combat this phenomenon to design. These "leukemia pill" called Gleevec has revolutionized the treatment of CML. Advances in the treatment of CLL are also dependent on the knowledge of the disease. Many patients with CLL do not require surgery, while others require a relatively mild treatment. Unfortunately, some still more aggressive disease and require more treatment.
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Lovisa Vendela writes articles for Family Health Guide .
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