The benzodiazepines popular as "benzos" are a class of psychoactive drugs with varying hypnotic, sedative, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and amnesic properties, which act by slowing down the central nervous system. Benzodiazepines are useful in treating anxiety, insomnia, agitation, seizures, and muscle spasms, as well as alcohol withdrawal. Benzodiazepines are used in secondary drug of abuse that means, used mainly to supplement the high received from another drug or to offset the adverse effects of other drugs.
Effects of Abuse:
Benzodiazepines produce a range of effects from depressing to stimulating the central nervous system by modulating the most prevalent inhibitory receptor within the brain. Severe behavioral changes resulting from benzodiazepines usage can occur including mania, schizophrenia, anger, impulsivity, and hypomania. Individuals with borderline personality disorder appear to have a greater risk of experiencing severe behavioral or psychiatric disturbances from benzodiazepines. Aggression and violent outbursts can also occur with benzodiazepines, particularly when usage combined with alcohol. Recreational abusers and patients with high-dose usage are at an even greater risk of experiencing paradoxical reactions.
The following are the side effects, which may occur from the use of benzodiazepines.
• Blurred vision
• Changes in heart rate
• Chest pain
• Impaired coordination
• Paradoxical reactions
• Sleeping disorders
• Upset stomach
Effects of long term usage:
Long-term benzodiazepine usage leads to tolerance and/or drug dependence coupled with benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Long-term use of benzodiazepines has the potential to cause both physical and psychological dependence, including severe withdrawal symptoms. Benzodiazepines, and in particular temazepam, are sometimes used intravenously, which can lead to medical complications including abscesses, cellulitis, thrombophlebitis, arterial puncture, deep vein thrombosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV or AIDS, overdose and gangrene.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms occur when benzodiazepine usage is reduced or stopped. Abrupt or over-rapid dosage reduction can produce severe withdrawal symptoms. Gradual and slow dosage reduction also leads to withdrawal symptoms but are not serious.
This information gives you an insight into the effects caused by the abuse of benzodiazepine, which helps you in keeping away yourself and your dear ones from abusing drugs like Amphetamines.
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