Before we go in to appear at what Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation is in the first place, it's thus very important to understand what motivation is and why is it important to inspire employees. Hence therefore, motivation might be defined because the driving force at intervals people that encourages them to go ahead and perform the tasks, in order to attain their meant desires and expectations. In alternative words, it is a set of reasons that eventually drags an individual to perform a particulat task convinicng that they might fulfil their desires and expectations, once the task is performed.
How is it doable to motivate employees ? and Why ?
Motivating workers is not an easy task, due to the very fact that what motivates workers seems to alter overtime. To say, different workers are motivated in numerous ways in which according to their needs. For instance, one employee can be motivated to try and do his task by manner of responsibility, whereas on the other hand another employee can be motivated by monetary rewards. But, it is possible to motivate an employee only if they wish to be motivated. As a result, it's therefore very important to identify the explanation and produce the atmosphere that encourages the non-performing staff to refresh and encourage themselves. In other words, it is thus vital to try and realize out what very motivates the employee. Attempting to motivate an employee by wrong means could therefore lead to a waste of money, time and therefore on, whereas paving approach to de-motivate the worker more.
Having said that, highly motivated workers are considered to be true assets for any organization. Once motivated, they essentially tend to be a lot of productive, energetic, and very mush eager to require on extra responsibilities, and so pleasant to be with and work with. Howvever, on the other hand it ought to be said that there conjointly tends to be non performing employees as well virtually in each organization. Thus, in such circumstances they essentially have to seem for cope with the obstacles by going and identifying the unmotivated staff and turning them around if the organizations are to be successful. In spite of that, when it comes to motivating employees this could be done intrinsically or extrinsically by using either intrinsic or extrinsic rewards.
when it involves intrinsic motivation, this basically means that that employees are encourage to try and do a particular task as a result of of the pleasure or satisfaction that they get in performing the task itself. In different words, intrinsic motivation comes from among a private rather than from extrinsic rewards such as monetary incentives etc. An employee who tends to be intrincically motivated may be motivated by internal factors like recognition, responsibility, growth and advancement. If an employee is to be motivated by intrinsic rewards, then this means that what the worker very needs is a job that interests him, a challenging work setting, and the responsiblity to perform the task etc so as to inspire him. For instance, an intrinsically motivated person will perform a task given to him willingly, either because he may find the task difficult or else attention-grabbing and satified with finishing it. To say, and not with the intention of obtaining alternative rewards. This can be thanks to the fact the external rewards hardly encourage these employees. Consequently, intrinsic motivation tends to be very a lot of effective in the long term as the employees perform the tasks willingly as a result of it interests them, rather than making an attempt to flee from it once the job is done.
Extrinsic motivation on the other hand is when the employees are therefore motivated by means that of external rewards. External rewards bacically consists of monetary incentives and grades etc. The workers are concerned in performing a particular task is because of the external rewards that gives them satisfation and pleasure, and not as a result of they are fascinated by it. In different means that, extrinsic motivation drives an employee to try to to things specially for tangible rewards or pressure, rather than for the fun of it. Extrinsic motivators can be either positive or negative. To say, it's therefore attainable to use positive motivators like monetary rewards or negative such as threats or bribery to inspire them extrinsically. Extrinsic motivators primarily focusses the employees on rewards instead of actions. For instance, employees can perform tasks though they are roughly fascinated by it, therefore because of the rewards involved with it. To say, some individuals will not wish to do the work willingly, but rather they're motivated to do thus by external rewards. However essentially, extrinsic rewards do encourage workers only short term. This is because the extrinsically motivated staff can do their work solely as long as they receive their rewards and therafter can stop performing the tasks, once the rewards are no longer there.
What's the foremost effective method to inspire workers ?
Having looked at each the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, it might be said that intrinsic motivation is way stronger than extrinsic motivation when it comes to motivate employees in the long run. This can be as a result of the intrinsically motivated staff can continue to perform better day once day as long they notice the work fascinating and satisfied. It doesn't mean that extrinsic motivation should not be used, but this can be not the perfect method to long inspire the employees. To say, extrinsically motivated staff can solely realize what they do to fascinating so long as they receive the rewards which can either be positive or negative. And hence so as to encourage them to increase performance, then they can need to be given more rewards than before. If not, they can only be de-motivated. Not only that, but once the employees are given extrinsic rewards they can now not be intrinsically motivated, but rather rely on rewards to stay them motivated therafter. That's why it is vital to attempt and motivate workers intrinsically by making an attempt to elucidate how it can facilitate them to develop and encouraging them by providing more difficult work, giving responsibility and recognition for the work done etc. This will in turn lead to reinforce performance by motivating them to fulfill the future success.
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