In Vitro Fertilisation or IVF is the process by which fertilisation of the egg cell by the male sperm is achieved outside the womb. This process involves removing the ‘ova’ or the eggs from the woman’s body, letting the sperm fertilise it outside in a controlled environment in a fluid medium and then placing the embryo into the woman’s uterus for development. It is used when other Assisted Reproduction techniques like Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer are rendered unsuccessful. A conversational term used for children born because of the IVF method is ‘Test Tube Baby’ and the first successful such childbirth was achieved in 1978 in England.
The process of IVF primarily involves five stages namely, ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilisation, selection and embryo transfer. Ovary stimulation usually begins on the third day of menstruation and is used to control the natural process of ovulation and to also stimulate the growth of multiple follicles of the ovaries. The treatment requires ten days of injections and close monitoring of results. The Estradiol levels which affect the reproductive process are also kept in check. The next stage involves the process of removing the eggs from the ovary just before ovulation.
It is generally advisable to remove eggs in the range of 10-30. The process is done just before ovulation and the follicular liquid is removed and handed over to the laboratory to identify the ova. Fertilisation involves the process of copulation of the chosen eggs with the sperms. The two are kept in the culture media for as long as 18 hours. In cases of low sperm count, the sperm is directly injected. The fertilised egg is then subjected to special growth stimulation and is kept in the medium of 48 hours until it arrives at the 6-8 cell level.
The process of selection is based on the quality and level of development of the embryo. The embryos are generally transferred after three days of retrieval. The fertilised embryos are graded before embryo transfer. The age of the woman, the number of available embryos and other health factors determine the number of transfers. In most cases, multiple transfers are done to avoid the risk of termination of pregnancy.
IVF costs depend on the number of cycles required to lead to pregnancy. This is again dependant on the age and health condition of a woman. For women below the age of 35, the average cost of IVF is $33,784. Similarly for women above 40 and below 44 the range is $ 100,000–$ 312,500. These costs apply to the United States only.
The success rate of IVF is also dependant on the age of the mother-to-be. According to the Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority the success rate for women under 35 is 29.6%, for 35–37 it is 23.6%, 40–42 is 10.10%, 3.2% for ages 43–44 and 0.7$ for women above 44.
IVF is now a very popular method in most countries and constant research is being done to improve upon it.
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James Johnson has years of experience in the field of Medical tourism.He guides you through various treatment options available to help you.To know more about IVF,IVF treatment,Surrogacy,Weight loss surgery and more, Visit www.surgeryunlimited.com
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