It is well known that over body weight is much less in water. Hence, when one stands in water at chest level his body is near
weightless. The natural buoyancy of the water supports the body and relieves the stress on joints, tendons and ligaments. Water’s
gentle support enables easy and effortless movements. Many people with arthritis, old age problems and post-operative
recuperation, walk several times up and down the pool – usually such pools are 4 feet deep only at any point or all points or
through its length and breadth. Such shallow pools are zones of wonderful therapeutic cure. In winter the swimming pool is heated
and in summer it is kept coop. Many patients come to recover from injuries and after surgery also.
In water aerobics one needs to be in a swimming costume, and where required, to do the exercises for the head, eyes and mouth,
shoulder, inner and outer arm, thighs, legs, ankle, feet and fingers of the hand and toes, etc. In short, the exercises cover every
part of the body from head to toe. Breathing exercises are also included. While land exercises aggravate orthopedic problems
water exercise can be done without undue stress and muscle weakness. The water’s qualities are unique. Its elasticity adjusts to
variations in force or speed of movement at different joint angles, thus providing a constantly changing resistance.
The fascinating and inviting qualities of water make the exercise smoother and more relaxing than land exercise. In water aquatics
the combination of routine is limitless and there is something for everyone, even a non-swimmer. Just standing neck deep in water
stimulates circulation; there is soothing effect on muscles; the heart in fact recovers more quickly from exertion because it is not
working against the force of gravity. The water exercise includes 15 minutes of warming up and ends with 15 minutes of cooling
down with a half hour of jogging and exercise in between. Before undertaking any form of exercise one has to consult a doctor, and
exercise intensity can be increased only gradually. In India too, water exercise needs to be popularized to promote muscle toning
and other benefits.
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