Greek Drama & Greek Theatre Reflects the Mirror of the Society

By: Jim Simmons


Theatre is originated in Athens one of the famous city in Greece almost in the middle of fifth and sixth century. The dais or centre stage generally built at the bottom of the hill surrounded by other hills. The audience started to be seated from the bottom of the hill to in climbing upwards to the peak for clear visibility of the performance and advantage of excellent listening facilities from all corners of the dais. The dais was surrounded by some musicians except some vacant space for entering and exiting of the actor and actresses. The musicians played a special type of tune called prelude before entering the actor or actresses related to the theme of the drama. The prelude started a short while ago and repeated some times. This tune is the indication of the beginning of the drama and a special massage to the audience to take their seats. It is hard to believe that what a sophisticated technology they introduced in the era of sixth century. All these things as a whole called Greek Drama.

Todayís world is full of technologies, chemistry projects, social projects but still now we are following the concept of their stage or dais. The only changes are happened like these: their drama was performed in open air and now it is in the covered area; at that time drama was performed only day time but now we can enjoy three times a day; there was no technique of light facilities today it is totally computerized; that time dais was fixed and now it is revolving.

In the era of sixth century three types of drama were written like Tragedy, Comedy and Satire. Tragedy generally depicts the story of mythological incidents. Where from the drama starts thatís no matter but the ending of the drama must be a pathetic scene. Comedy also related to the mythological subjects but the presentation of the drama will be in a humorous way. Every audience left for home with joyful mood. But satyr is totally a different thing. The main incidents pick up from the mythological subject but the presentation of the drama will be in comic manner. The main character acts just like a shadow of the real character but in comic manner. The drama gives the lesson to the audience how to behave with the society when they are in distress and can not speak any thing boldly against the person who is in a superior position in the society.

Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus are the three great dramatists in the era of sixth century. Aristotle is the born philosopher and critic of the fourth century. For any criticism of the Greek Drama he was the last person to say. According to him Sophocles and Euripides is the most versatile Greek Tragedy writer. In the opinion of Aristotle Oedipus the King by Sophocles and Helena of Euripides are the perfect tragedies in the ancient Greek Drama for their ideal beauty, perfect construction and religious inspiration.

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