Genital Warts are generally called as flesh colored growth in and around the skin of genital organs. It is the most common type of STD (Sexually transmitted disease) which is found in both men and women. According to a health survey, it has affected around 32 million of populations across the world. The warts are caused by a virus called HPV (human papillomavirus). Sometimes the warts on genital areas are also called as condyloma acuminata or venereal warts. The disease creates psychological burdens associated with the problem like shame, anger, worry and low self esteem.
In females, the warts appear outside and inside the vagina, uterus, cervix and around the anus. In males, they appear on the penis, groin, scrotum and thigh. Genital warts are clustered together in a cauliflower-like shape. Generally it appears in flesh-colored and painless but is highly contagious, as it spreads from one person to another by skin contact. Some of the symptoms which have been seen in patients are described as below:
Itching in the genital organ
Burning in genital areas
Discomfort and pain in genital organ
Bleeding during or after intercourse.
This disease is generally caused by the HPV virus (human papillomavirus). HPV infection spreads from one person to another through sexual contact through vagina, mouth and anus.
People are more likely to get warts in the genital areas if they:
Have multiple sexual partners
Are sexually active at a very early age
Intercourse with someone who has already sexually transmitted disease
Use tobacco and alcohol
Have viral infection such as herpes
Some prevention may be better than the cure in case Genital Warts such as safe sex using male and female condoms may reduce the transmission of sexual disease. A person should have only one sexual partner (who doesnt have any STDs) may also reduce the HPV infection to some extent. Two vaccines are recommended for men and women between the ages of 9 to 26.One of the vaccines protects against genital warts and HPV infection, but a patient should consult doctor for accurate vaccine.
The treatment depends upon the location of warts, number of warts and other factors. The surgical and non-surgical both treatments are available for Genital Warts. Some of the famous surgical treatments are following:
Cryosurgery ( the method in which liquid nitrogen is used on affected areas)
Removal with an electric needle
These methods may require local anesthesia and take time in healing. Non-surgical methods use chemicals that destroy Genital Warts in men and women. This method includes acid applications and Interferon injections. Prescribed medication uses Podofilox gel (stop the growth of wart cells) and Imiquimod cream (produces a protein to act against HPV and boost weak immune system).
Genital Warts are a contagious disease which is caused by human papillomavirus. This disease is treated in a proper way after consulting an experienced doctor to lead a normal life.
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Cerejo is a health advisor allied with various health related services for many years. He has suggested millions of people about best health care services those have helped people in number of ways. His research based article on Genital Warts is worth reading.
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