Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar levels.
Types of diabetes:
It occurs when the body cannot produce insulin which is needed to control the blood glucose levels.
It is much more common, occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or the insulin is not working efficiently enough.
Gestation diabetes occurs when pregnant woman have high blood glucose levels due to hormones produced during pregnancy.
Causes of diabetes
Hectic lifestyle today increases the risk of having diabetes in which irregular eating habits and excessive intake of junk food is responsible. In few it also happens genetically
• Inherited traits- it is strongly believed that due to some genes which passes from one generation to another, a person can inherit diabetes. It depends upon the closeness of blood relationships.
• Age- Increased age is a factor which gives more possibility than in younger age. This disease may occur at any age, but 80% of the cases occur after 50, incidences increases with the age factor.
• Poor diet (malnutrition related diabetes) - improper nutrition, low protein and fiber intake, high intake of refined products are the expected reasons of developing diabetes.
• Obesity and fat distribution- being overweight means increased insulin resistance, that is if body fat is more than 30%, BMI 25+; waist grith 35 inches in women or 40 inches in men.
• Stress- Either physical injury or emotional disturbance is frequently blamed as the initial cause of diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
Symptoms are the complaints of disease which are felt by the patient themselves. Diabetes is of two types which show delicate primary symptoms. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have similar symptoms owing to their high blood sugar levels and defective insulin metabolism. If diabetes is treated at the earliest then these symptoms can be eradicated without any complications.
Diabetes Type 1:
In type 1, the pancreas stops producing insulin due to autoimmune response or viral attack on pancreas. In later stage, which leads to ketoacidosis, the body starts breaking down the muscle tissue and fat for producing energy hence, causing fast weight loss. Dehydration is also observed due to electrolyte disturbance. In advanced stages, coma and death is witnessed.
Diabetes Type 2:
• Increased fatigue
• As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and, in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
• The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
• Weight fluctuation
• Blurry vision: Diabetes affects eyes that directly affect its ability to focus, resulting blurry vision.
• Irritability: The glucose levels decrease in the brain that ultimately results to irritability throughout.
• Infections: frequent skin infections like fungal or bacterial or urinary tract infection are normally observed.
• Poor wound healing
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