Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is one of the most common causes of women sub fertility. PCOS mainly affects women in fertile years; it is most common between the ages of 20 to 40 years and is most common female endocrine disorder. PCOS is imbalance of female sex hormones, due to this imbalance Ovaries are unable to produce healthy eggs which does not allow them to conceive. Healthy women produce one or more eggs on Ovulation but those suffering with PCOS cannot produce healthy eggs, have deteriorating health and changes in their menstrual cycle. There are strong evidences which suggest that this can be a genetic disorder, women suffering with this problem usually have mother or sister who have faced similar problem.
Major cause of PCOS is change in certain hormones; hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes. Women suffering with PCOS or PCOD have change in their hormones like Estrogen, Progesterone and Androgen. It is yet to be established medically that what causes change in these hormones, it is believed that genetic reasons are primarily responsible for bringing in change in these hormones and initiate PCOS or PCOD. The duration, in which Ovaries of a healthy woman produce one or more eggs also called as Ovulation, Ovaries of woman suffering with disturbed hormonal balance develop cysts.
Presence of multiple cysts in the Ovaries is called as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Women's Ovaries produce small amount of Androgen, this is male sex hormone, and women suffering with PCOS have higher secretion of this hormone which stops Ovulation and promote growth of cysts. Growth of cysts in the Ovaries leads to infertility, these cysts also hinder the menstrual cycle and flow, and affect overall health negatively. Though this problem mostly affects women in fertile years but it can occur in young girls too who have just begun to menstruate.
Women mostly ignore certain symptoms and allow problem to flourish. Most of the women seek medical advice only when they are unable to conceive even after trying for sufficient duration. Some symptoms can indicate presence of the problem beforehand to make treatment easy and avoid complications. Acne is one of the most common symptoms of the problem, women suffering with hormonal changes either have aggravated Acne or its sudden outburst. Growth of facial hair due to excess Androgen secretion is also quite common symptom of PCOS or PCOD.
Often women get growth of thick hairs on face, belly, back and chest, most of the women also get growth of hairs around nipples. Irregular periods are other symptoms of the problem, missed periods at young age after having regular periods for few months or change in menstrual cycle in adult women can occur due to PCOS. Decreased size of breasts, thinning of hair, hair loss in male pattern, and enlargement of clitoris are other symptoms of the problem. Women also see a change in their voice, the voice becomes deeper and bit husky due to PCOS and it is also regarded as a symptom of the problem.
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