Bone and Joint

By: Caroline Adams

Dr. Humeira Badsha Medical Center has been treating more than 100 types of arthritis and bone and joint ailments. Experts at the center are skilled in the latest treatment methods such as biological drugs, musculoskeletal ultrasound as part of the clinical examination, disease activity scores, and ultrasound guided joint injections.
Among the more common bone & joint ailments treated at the Center are:
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Painful inflammation of the joints.
Seronegative Arthritis - A diverse group of musculoskeletal syndromes.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE, Lupus) - A chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
Ankylosing Spondylitis - Chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints.
Reactive Arthritis (formerly Reiter's) - An autoimmune condition, in response to an infection.
Seronegative Spondyloarthritis (SpA) - A type of arthritis that attacks the spine.
Gout - Painful, swollen joints due to build up of uric acid.
Connective Tissue Diseases - A systemic autoimmune disease.
Sjogren's disease & Scleroderma - Inflammation of the tear & salivary glands.
Back pain - Pain that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.
Osteoarthritis - Degenerative joint disease.
Knee pain - A common musculoskeletal complaint.
Fibromyalgia - A medical disorder causing severe pain in the joints & fatigue.
For healthy bones and joints, Dr. Humeira Badsha recommends the following pointers:
Maintain a healthy body weight and body mass index. Research has shown that every kg increase in body weight above normal, increases the stress on knees by 5 kg.
Consume enough calcium. An adult needs 1000 mg of calcium daily and a post menopausal woman needs 1500 mg calcium.
Get enough Vitamin D. The daily requirement is 1000 IU. This is usually obtained by exposure in the sun - about 15 minutes per day for very light skinned people. More pigmented skins may find it hard to absorb the vitamin D and you may require a supplement or fortified foods.
Exercise daily or at least 3- 4 times per week. A combination of aerobic activities and strength training is needed.
Quit smoking. Research has shown that smoking can increase your risk of rheumatoid arthritis by up to 20 fold.
Pay attention to your body. Do not ignore aches, pains, joint swelling or stiffness. See a Rheumatologist promptly if you have these symptoms.
Eat fish. Omega oils in certain types of fish and walnuts help prevent arthritis.
Watch your food. There are beneficial anti-inflammatory properties in ginger, turmeric avocado. Limit consumption of excess red meats and alcohol.
Relax. Stress can trigger auto-immune disease and certain forms of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Stretch. Stretching before exercise and regularly during the day prevents muscle strain and repetitive stress injuries.

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