Birth Injuries: Types and Causes

By: Michael Grossman

Many children are born every year with birth defects and developmental disabilities. Sometimes though, injuries occurred during birth or immediately after birth. Certain disabilities such as Cerebral Palsy can occur under negligent care. 1 out of 28 babies are born every year with a birth defect. Birth defects are also the leading cause of death in the first year of life. Source: March of Dimes.

After birth there are a number of disabilities that can occur, if babies are abused or neglected by a care giver or provider. Such disabilities are: Cerebral Palsy and Shaken Baby Syndrome, as well as others. Often times a baby that later grows up to be developmentally disabled, may have had a physical event occur that was never documented in the babies childhood, such as being dropped by any adult and the parents never being told. Where documented cases of this are few, it is definitely an event that occurs more often than one would wish to admit.

In the past serious long-term disabilities have occurred in children who were born by under-qualified medical professionals, who caused damage to various parts of the infants, through inexperienced and unorthodox techniques of child-birthing, or rushed, negligent procedures utilized by otherwise qualified Doctor's.

The definition of cerebral (Brain) palsy (Movement) (CP) is thus: A group of serious conditions that affect muscle movement and coordination. Some individuals who have CP are able to function perfectly well mentally and intellectually, though have trouble walking or running, and of course by severity they may also not be able to walk or move at all. While others may be impacted intellectually, and retain most of their physical abilities. Of course in worse cases they are affected to large degrees in both capacities.

The cause of CP is most commonly believed to be damage or trauma to certain portions of the brain relating to the decline which will later follow in the babies' characteristics and lack of specific abilities we as human have, like the ability to walk and talk, and other basic things. In other words a child not being able to talk due to CP, may have incurred damage to the part of the brain that controls this function.

Here is a small list (Taken from:, which is not meant to diagnose, but is signs of such a diagnosis of CP.

* Lethargy, or lack of alertness
* Irritability or fussiness
* Abnormal, high-pitched cry
* Trembling of the arms and legs
* Poor feeding abilities secondary to problems sucking and swallowing
* Low muscle tone
* Abnormal posture, such as the child favoring one side of their body
* Seizures, staring spells, eye fluttering, body twitching
Abnormal reflexes

Cerebral Palsy and other conditions that a baby either developed in the womb or after, are devastating conditions that will affect the baby's life forever, impacting the level of independence they will achieve as adults. If your baby has signs of this or any other condition(s) you are urged to seek an attorney. There are many factors which may have attributed to your babies condition that you may not know. It is important that you have a way to pay for the care of your child, now and for their life.

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E. Michael Grossman is an accomplished personal injury attorney focusing on birth injury cases. Visit Michael's Injury Law Blog for more information relating to Personal Injury.

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