Bipolar disorder is additionally known as manic depression. Bipolar disorder may be a psychological disorder that effects an individual's mood. The mood swings are very extreme with a manic (high elation) section and a terribly deep depressive phase. There is estimated to impact approximately one% of the adult population. There's conjointly evidence that shows that neither men nor girls have a greater probability of full of bipolar disorder than the other. Bipolar is the third most typical disorder when major depression and dysthymic disorder (a delicate but persistent type of depression). As a result of of the intense psychological disturbances caused by bipolar disorder, it will destroy lives. Alcohol and drug problems are often present in sufferers and without correct medication and care, it leads to twenty% of sufferers committing suicide.
Many individuals expertise a depressive phase most of the time, whereas only experiencing terribly few manic episodes. It's the swing between moods that people realize hardest to deal with. Though nobody would care to feel deeply depressed.
There's no cure for bipolar disorder and it's a life-long condition that often wants to be controlled with medication. Lithium is used to assist management mania phases of individuals that suffer from bipolar disorder. Bipolar often begins in adolescence or early adulthood, and continues throughout life. Bipolar disorder is very seldom diagnosed in folks who are forty years recent and above.
Varieties of Phases
Though it's generally accepted that bipolar disorder alternates the sufferers mood between mania and depression, the Yank Psychiatric Association has identified four totally different moods that are experienced in varying degrees of intensity and length, or not at all.
? Depression - typical depression from a lack of motivation or interest in something as well as eating to thoughts and makes an attempt at suicide.
? Mania - usually begins with an elated or euphoric feeling. can also cause a sufferer to feel angry and irritable.
? Hypomania - a milder form of mania where the person feels good and feels they're becoming a lot of productive with their life.
? Mixed mood - a mixed episode is characterised by experiencing feelings of mania and depression all in the identical day.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder symptoms are disturbances or abnormality of moods with the sufferer alternating between a manic phase and a depressive phase repetitively.
Depressive Section Symptoms
? Terribly deep negative moods typically with thoughts or attempts at suicide.
? Eating disorders.
? Little interest in activities enjoyed within the past.
? None or very very little interest in sex.
? No self esteem.
? Sleeping problems high an low.
? Feeling guilty.
Manic Phase Symptoms
? Excessive high or euphoric feelings along with many grand or over-ambitious ideas or plans.
? Excessive amounts of energy.
? Unnaturally high shallowness and self-belief.
? Increased sex drive which may lead to promiscuity and aggressive sexual behaviour.
? Extreme irritability and easily distracted.
? Alcohol and drug abuse, usually cocaine and sleeping medication.
? Little need for sleep.
? Manic section lasts a minimum of one week.
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