Erythritol is one of the most effective sugar alcohols, which are used as a natural sweetener for the diabetic people. It is also used as a bulk sweetener in the reduced calorie foods. It contains in various fruits like grapes, pears as well as many other fruits. Moreover, it also contains in different foods like mushrooms and fermentation-derived foods like soy sauce, cheese and wine. Erythritol has been producing commercially since 1990 and they are added to various beverages and foods to provide sweetness and to enhance their taste and texture according to the people’s specific interests and choices.
Its sweetness is considered about 60 to 70% of sucrose and it flows easily due to its non-hygroscopic character. It is also considered safe for tooth decay unlike other polyols. Its calorie value per gram is zero. Erythritol is rapidly absorbed in the small intestine and eliminated by the body within 24 hours. Thus, it is easy to digest unlike other sugar alcohols. Due to its various qualities, FDA has approved it as “Generally Recognized As Safe” (GRAS) in USA by agreeing the fact that it had no problems. Along with these things, there are many other benefits of erythritol sweetener. Have a glance on it which are mentioned in the below:
• It doesn’t cause any kinds of tooth decay as it is resistant to metabolism by oral bacteria that break down sugars and starches in producing acids. These acids may lead to tooth enamel loss and cavities formation.
• Erythritol has zero calories per gram for food labeling processes in various countries like United States, Japan, Canada, Europe etc. This zero calorie value based on its unique elimination and absorption process which doesn’t involve the metabolism of erythritol. These are primary reasons that it is used as a zero calorie bulk sweetener for formulating “light” and “reduced calorie” products.
• It is considered safe for diabetic people as it does not affect insulin levels or blood serum glucose. It has been observed by various medical surveys that erythritol may be safely used for replacing sucrose in food formulated for diabetic patients.
• Erythritol has high digestive tolerance as it is rapidly absorbed in small intestine. It has been observed by the studies that erythirtol is not fermented by the human body. Thus, foods containing appropriate quantity of erythritol are not likely to cause laxation and gaseous side effects.
Thus, erythritol sweeteners are considered as one of the best sugar alcohols in comparison to others, which is also good for health.
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