Nowadays, more and more people suffer from heart problems. Heart problems have become a main disease that causes people's death. Compared with women, men are more likely to have heart problems. And, men suffer from heart diseases 10 to 15 years earlier than women. When people have a sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits and lack of exercise, cardiac problems will likely take place.
Cardiology in Singapore is a medical specialty that deals with disorders of the heart, especially the human heart. The medical field is made up of medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. People call physicians who specialize in this field of medicine cardiologists. Doctors who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiac surgeons.
In terms of cardiology in Singapore, there are three main disorders of heart as follows.
The first one is disorders of the coronary circulation. Different from what we generally know about the cardiovascular system, the heart fails to get enough oxygen and nutrients from the blood pumped and it have to be filled with blood like other organs in the body. In contrast to the systemic organs, the heart gets perfusion in the phase of diastole instead of systole.
The second one is a congenital heart defect. It is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels that is found at birth. There are many types of heart defects, most of which impedes blood to flow through the heart or vessels around it, or make blood flow through the heart abnormally. Other defects like long QT syndrome, have a bad effect on the heart's rhythm. Heart defects are one kind of the most common birth defects, which cause a lot of deaths of newborn infants.
There are some devices that are used in cardiology in Singapore. First, it is stethoscope. It is an acoustic device used to hear internal sounds including heart sounds. Second, it is pacemaker. It is an implanted electrical device used to replace the heart's natural pacemaker. Third, it is defibrillator. It is an electrical device used to alter the heart's rhythm with electrical energy. Fourth, it is automated external defibrillator. It is a device that is often designed for anyone to use and is commonly seen outside of health care settings. Fifthly, it is implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. It is an implanted device used to avoid life-threatening conditions. Sixth, it is artificial heart. It is actually an internal pump that replaces the function of the heart.
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Resource from: Cardiology In Singapore and Robotic Surgery
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