Baseball General Structure - Sheldon Kalnitsky

By: sheldonkalnitsky


A General structured Baseball is played between two teams of nine players each on a baseball field, usually under the authority of one or more officials, called umpires. There are usually four umpires in major league games; up to six may manage depending on the league and the importance of the game. The field is divided into two main sections: the infield contains the four bases, and beyond two adjacent sides of the diamond there is an outfield. The other two sides of the diamond form the start of the foul lines, which make bigger straight, and form the boundary in the outfield as well. Numbered counter-clockwise, first, second and third bases are 15-inch (38 cm) squares, which stick up from the ground; together with home base, the fourth base, they form a square with sides of 90 feet (27.4 meters) called the diamond. Home base is a pentagonal plate, known as home plate.

The game is played in nine innings in which each team gets one turn to bat and try to score runs while the other pitches and defends in the field. The teams switch every time the defending team gets three players of the batting team out. The winner is the team with the most runs after nine innings. At the start of the game, all nine players of the home team play the field, while players on the visiting team come to bat one at a time.

The basic contest is always between the pitcher for the fielding team, and a batter. The pitcher throws, pitches, the ball towards home plate, where the catcher for the fielding team waits to receive it. The batter stands in one of the batter's boxes and tries to hit the ball with a bat. The catcher's job is to catch any ball that the batter misses or does not swing at. Each of these pitches begins a new play, some of which contain no more action than the pitch itself.

Each inning, the goal of the defending team is to get three members of the other team out. A player who is out must temporarily leave the field and await for his turn to bat to arrive again, thus he cannot produce any more wrongdoing until then. There are many ways to get batters and baserunners out; some of the most common are catching a batted ball in the air (a fly out), tag outs, force outs, and strikeouts. After the fielding team has put out three of the batting team's players, the half-inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places.

The goal of the team at bat is to score runs; a player may do so only by batting, then becoming a base runner, touching all the bases in order and finally touching home plate. To that end, the goal of each batter is to enable baserunners to score or become a baserunner himself. The batter attempts to punch the ball into pale territory—between the foul lines—in such a way that the defending players cannot get him or the baserunners out. In general, the pitcher attempts to prevent this by pitching the ball in such a way that the batter cannot hit it cleanly.

A baserunner who successfully touches home plate after touching all previous bases in order scores a run. In an enclosed field, a fair ball hit over the fence on the fly is normally an automatic home run, which entitles the batter and all runners to touch all the bases and score.

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Sheldon Kalnitsky is an expert author, who is presently working on the site Sheldon kalnitsky . He has written many articles in various topics. For more information about Sheldon kalnitsky. Visit our site Sheldon kalnitsky. Contact him at [email protected]

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