Asperger syndrome is came in knowledge by, Hans Asperger (1906-1980), an Austrian psychiatrist and pediatrician, who first published about Asperger syndrome in a paper in 1981. Asperger Syndrome was recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) as Asperger's Disorder in 1994.
Asperger Syndrome is a neurobiological disorder that is characterized by deficiencies in social and communication skills. Some researcher feel that Asperger Syndrome is the same as High Functioning Autism, while others feel that it is better described as a Nonverbal Learning Disability.
Asperger Syndrome is generally finds in Children of ages 7-16. The most distinguishing symptom of Asperger Syndrome is a child’s obsessive interest in a single object or topic to the exclusion of any other. Though grammatical, their speech is peculiar due to abnormalities of inflection and a repetitive pattern. Clumsiness is prominent both in their articulation and gross motor behavior.
Inconsistency in the results of various brain imaging studies has been attributed to the fact that people with autism represent a highly heterogeneous group in terms of underlying pathology.
There is strong evidence to suggest that Asperger syndrome can be caused by a variety of physical factors, all of which affect brain development.
Symptom of Asperger Syndrome
Difficulty in Social interaction
Difficulty in social communicating
Difficulty in social relationships
Difficulty in imagination and creative play
Absence of general delay in language development
Non-verbal social communication (discourse) skills
Narrative discourse skills
People with Asperger syndromes often want to be sociable and are upset by the fact that they find it hard to make friends.
Those with Asperger Syndrome are often viewed as eccentric or odd and can easily become victims of teasing and bullying. To our knowledge, a very small number of structural brain abnormalities have been so far associated with Asperger's Disorder
There is no single best treatment package for all children with Asperger Syndrome. The ideal treatment for Asperger Syndrome coordinates therapies that address the three core symptoms of the disorder: poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness.
To help Asperger Syndrome affected children we should told him the meaning of eye contact, gaze, various and inflections as well as tone of voice, facial and hand gestures. And also non-literal communications such as humor, figurative language, irony, sarcasm and metaphor, should all be taught.
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