What is hyperthyroidism and what causes such an ailment in women? Hyperthyroidism is actually a condition that can occur in both men and women but is more prevalent in females. As the term implies, this condition is due to a hyper active thyroid, which in turn produces hormones beyond the normal level it should be producing them. Also called thyrotoxicosis, this problem can be easily diagnosed with some of the telltale symptoms that indicate a person has it.
Hyperthyroidism Symptoms and Signals
To be able to tell if a woman has hyperthyroidism, there are a few symptomatic combinations that indicate the presence of this ailment. A woman may have some or all of the following symptoms as an indication of the problem:
An accelerated heart rate or palpitations
A strange feeling of warmth all of the time
Insomnia even when she is very tired or exhausted
Trembling and nervousness or having feelings of unwarranted anxiety
Gastrointestinal upsets and diarrhea
A noticeable increase in appetite
Absence of menstrual periods or light menstrual flow or even infertility
Emotional imbalance that includes anxiety attacks, mood swings, irritability, and even depression
Other physical manifestations like hair loss, moist and warm skin, loss of weight, spacey look in oneís eyes, and even the deterioration of oneís muscles.
The Possible Causes of Hyperthyroidism
There are many reasons why a woman can suffer from hyperthyroidism or a hyperactive thyroid gland. Here are some of the possible causes of hyperthyroidism in women:
Graves' Disease. This is also called toxic diffuse goiter and is also the most common reason why women suffer from hyperthyroidism. This is an autoimmune disease that actually gets the personís own immune system to act against the bodyís healthy tissues and cells. This ailment gets the body to produce an antibody called the TSI or thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin and this antibody in turn acts like TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone that then triggers the thyroid gland to produce too much of the thyroid hormone.
Thyroid Nodules. These are also named adenomas and are actually lumps that are found in the womanís thyroid. While a lot of people do have these thyroid nodules and they are often non-cancerous, there may be some nodules that can become overactive and can trigger the production of too much hormone. One of these nodules is a toxic adenoma. If there are more than one of these nodules that trigger the production of excessive hormones, this is then called a toxic multinodular goiter condition.
Thyroiditis. While thyroiditis in itself cannot be the cause of hyperthyroidism, stored thyroid hormones leak out of the inflamed glands because of such a condition and this can bring about hyperthyroidism. There are a few types of thyroiditis that can inflame the glands and can in turn cause hyperthyroidism if and when the hormones that are stored in these swollen glands leak out. These are subacute, postpartum, and silent thyroiditis.
Excessive Iodine Intake. Since iodine is the substance that the thyroid uses to create the thyroid hormone, taking too much of this mineral can induce hyperthyroidism.
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