Acne can be a teenager’s nightmare. It is a condition caused by the over-activity of the sebaceous glands. Teens are most prone to acne because of the hormonal changes that they go through during puberty. Most teens become very distraught about acne.
Acne can be a teenager’s nightmare. It is a condition caused by the over-activity of the sebaceous glands. Teens are most prone to acne because of the hormonal changes that they go through during puberty. Most teens become very distraught about acne. This is the reason why at the first signs of acne, teens do almost everything to make sure that they disappear overnight.
What is Acne?
Acne can either be non-inflammatory or inflammatory. The non-inflammatory types are the whiteheads and blackheads. Pimples are the most common examples of inflammatory acne. Simply defined, acne are skin irritations or blemishes usually appearing on the face although it can be found anywhere else on the body.
When the follicles in the skin are clogged, acne forms. This happens because the oil glands get over-worked. If bacteria find its way to the skin, large eruptions can occur. Acne is referred to as comedones, microcomedones, papule, pustule, or skin cysts. Collectively speaking though, all of them are simply referred to as acne.
What Causes Acne?
There are a lot of reasons why acne forms. But there are many myths about it too. The most common reason why acne breakouts occur is because of the hormones. The production of certain hormones, more particularly the androgens, causes the sebaceous glands to expand. This is why acne is so common with teenagers.
The sebaceous glands, when stimulated by the hormone androgen, tend to produce extra oil. When excess oil combines with dead skin cells and bacteria, acne becomes the next formation to expect. Follicles falling out of the skin, when combined with oil and bacteria, produce the same effects as well.
How to Treat Acne
Teens and adults should not be too concerned about acne because it does have a cure. However, treatment rarely happens overnight. Normally, acne clears out on its own over time, even without doing anything about it. But if you want to make your face clear of acne as much as possible, the common medications used are available over-the-counter. And of course, good hygiene is beneficial.
The most common over-the-counter medications for acne include benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur, and resorcinol. When you have decided to use these treatments, you have to make sure that you read the label properly and use the product as designed. These over-the-counter medications rarely have side effects, but you still must follow extra care when using them.
If over the counter remedies to not seem to help, there are prescription medicines for acne available. This also means that you have to go and see a health expert and ask them if these medications are applicable to you. The doctor would have to examine you first before giving you access to these medicines, as they usually given only to those who are suffering from recurring major acne breakouts. Examples of prescription medicines for acne are adapalene, azelaic acid, clindamycin, erythromycin, and isotretinoin, among others.
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