Abortion: Procedures, Risks And Aftercare

By: Emily Madison

Abortion is a controversial topic that's still being debated today. However, despite the views shared by all, it's important to understand what it entails, whether there are complications, how it affects the mental state of women and aftercare treatment.

Pregnancy is not always planned and for women who don't intend to have children just yet, such a surprise can prove to be expensive. Motherhood is a full-time job that not only requires dedication but a maturity level that not everyone shares simultaneously. Financial issues, lack of a stable home environment and unpreparedness combine to make unexpected pregnancies a scare. In view of this, abortion procedures exist to give women who don't want to enter motherhood just yet a way out.


There are two types of abortion procedures currently followed, both safe if the candidate is healthy, the pregnancy is in the early stage and the doctor is an experienced and qualified professional.

- Medical - Medical abortion is carried out using a pill to terminate pregnancy. It works only on women who are in the early stages of pregnancy of up to nine weeks. Having a 98 percent effectiveness rate, the pill method is widely followed in many parts of the world.

- Surgical - The surgical method applies to first trimester pregnancies, i.e., over nine weeks but under three months. Using a device called a suction curette the contents and the lining of the uterus are removed. If performed during the stipulated time period and by a qualified doctor, the procedure carries low risk and is relatively simple.


Like all medical and surgical procedures, abortion carries certain risks which can be greatly minimized by a short gestation period, health of the candidate and the expertise of the doctor.

- If the above factors don't fall in favor of successful termination, there may be injury to and infection of the uterus caused by suction curettes and knives.

- As the cervix is stretched open to accommodate the procedure, it may weaken in a very few cases - and negatively affect future pregnancies.

- If the uterus is punctured or pieces of the placenta remain in the uterus, there may be heavy bleeding which can lead to excessive blood loss.

- The fallopian tubes can sustain damage if the above factors are not conducive to a successful termination. This can increase the odds of causing an ectopic pregnancy later on. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can also occur, the chances of which are increased if the candidate has a sexually transmitted disease (STD).


Aftercare is an important stage of abortion procedures whether done through medical or surgical means.

- Women should refrain from swimming as contaminants in the water can cause an infection of the uterus which remains slightly open after an abortion.

- There should be no sexual intercourse for a minimum of two weeks post-abortion.

- Tampons should be substituted for sanitary pads to prevent infection.

- Showers should replace tub baths to prevent infection.

Women seeking an abortion can experience different emotions. Some may feel depressed or sad while others may feel angry or relieved. Since opting to terminate a pregnancy even if unwanted is a huge decision, it's very important to have a strong support system in the form of close friends and family. For women experiencing severe mental stress, professional counseling may be required.

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If you are looking for an abortion in Melbourne then The Hampton Park Women's Health Care Centre is the right place to be. They offer excellent pregnancy termination options and unplanned pregnancy counseling.

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