The issuance of the first postage stamp is part of a major reform of the British postal service launched by James Chalmers (1834) and Rowland Hill (1837). Until then sending it paid the recipient in terms of mileage and not by weight. Hill suggested that sending it to pay the sender as a uniform tariff depending on the weight and not by mileage.
According to legend, in 1835 the English professor Rowland Hill, who was traveling through Scotland is preparing to rest in an inn. While warming in the fireplace saw the postman of the area went into the house and delivered a letter to the innkeeper. She took the letter in his hands, carefully examined and returned to the postman saying: As we are quite poor can not pay the amount of the letter, so please return to the sender. At the hearing, emerged in the heart of an impulse of generosity Hill and moved the momentum offered by the postman the amount of the letter, because I did not want that for lack of money will be good woman without knowing the news that he might get in letter. The postman claimed the crown half that cost, and delivered the letter to the innkeeper, leaving then to continue their journey. The innkeeper took the letter and left it on a table without worrying at all of its contents. Then they returned to the generous host and told him with kindness, 'Lord, I thank you very much detail that has had to pay the amount of the letter. I am poor, but not as much as not being able to pay the cost of it. If I did not, it was because there was nothing in writing, only the address. My family lives far away and to know that we're well-written letters, but taking care of each line of the address is written by different hands. If the letter of all, it means that all is well. After analyzing the direction of the letter back to the postman saying that we can not afford it and so we hear each other without costing us a penny. This anecdote, with several variants, has been narrated and written in different ways, such as in the French magazine Lectures pour tous. It was also written in the Universal Grand Dictionnaire du XIX Siecle, Pierre Larousse, in the Parisian edition of 1874. In Spain, also Espasa Encyclopedia plays, giving a version in which the owner appears genuinely unable to pay the amount of the letter by extreme poverty. However, Vaillé, Eugene in his "Histoire du Timbre-Poste '1947 claims that this story has been denied by the Hill in his memoirs. It is illustrative, however one of the problems that the reform of the postal service tried to cope with notable success.
Thus was born the world's first postage stamp: The famous Penny Black of Queen Victoria. Hill drew him into the profile of Queen Victoria, the word Postage at the top and bottom in the One Penny (a penny). Omitted the name of the country to understand that the effigy of Queen sufficient to identify him. The day on May 8 of that year was put up for sale two pence, in blue. The new postal system has some amazing results, while tripling the number of letters in one week. Only the first day of public sale were sold 60,000 copies of these stamps. In light of all that Rowland Hill was appointed director of the UK Post Office, dedicating the rest of his life to make additions and improvements in the postal services. The new system found ready acceptance in other countries and the few years he was already widespread internationally.
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