Judo is a type of martial art which originates from Japan. It has since developed into an olympic sport, which is practiced by millions of people all over the world. This articles takes a look at the history of Judo, common techniques, its benefits, and how you can learn Judo in your area.
The History of Judo
Judo was originally founded in 1822 by the Japanese educator and polymath, Jigoro Kano. Kano became disillusioned with the practice of Jujitsu, which had become an increasingly unpopular style of martial art in Japan. He took several different features from Jujitsu, and opened up his first school in a Buddhist temple in Tokyo. The principles for Judo were based around seiryoku zen'yo, which loosely translates to maximum efficiency, minimum effort, as well as jita kyoi, which means mutual welfare and benefit.
The person who performs a technique is called a tori, while the person who it is being performed on is known as a uke.
Judo is based around three different styles of techniques:
• Nage-waza (throwing techniques)
• Katame-waza (grappling techniques)
• Atemi-waza (striking techniques)
Throwing techniques are based around a number of categories, including standing techniques, sacrifice techniques, hip techniques, hand techniques, foot and leg techniques, rear sacrifice techniques, and side sacrifice techniques.
Grappling techniques are used to hold a uke on their back. There are three main categories of grappling techniques: holding or pinning techniques, strangulation techniques, and joint techniques, which are also known as locks.
Striking techniques are used to disable a uke, and to strike them in a vital point on the body.
The Benefits of Judo
Judo has a number of benefits for the mind, body and soul. Because it is a contact sport, it can increase stamina, coordination, efficiency of movement, and mental discipline. It is also an excellent form of self defence.
The principles taught in judo may also be beneficial in other spots, such as football and rugby. Judo will teach people how to fall safely and effectively without causing injury to oneself, which is also helpful for contact sports.
Judo also has spiritual benefits. Movements are often fluid, and act as a sort of meditation. There are a number of breathing techniques which will lift the spirit. People who have been practicing Judo report a reduction in stress levels, and a clearer mind.
Where to Learn Judo
The best way to learn Judo is to take a class. You can find classes in your area by searching for them online, asking at your local gym, or looking for advertisements in the back of local newspapers. There are different classes that are adapted for all different skill levels. If it is your first class, then you may want to join a beginners lesson, or just watch so that you can get an idea of what it involves. There are also classes that are designed for children and teenagers. Always use reputable and trusted teachers, to ensure that you are leaning Judo in a safe way.
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