If you’ve ever had skin flakes float down from your scalp to your shoulders, providing a dusting of white on your clothing, you have experienced the effects of dandruff.
Dandruff is when your scalp has an overabundance of skin cells, and as they die, they flake off into tiny white or gray patches. Contrary to popular belief, dandruff is not just caused by dry skin on the scalp, though a dry scalp certainly doesn’t help; instead, it can be caused by a yeast infection or fungus on the scalp that causes skin cells to overproduce and die more quickly. As the skin cells regenerate, the dead ones begin flaking off.
The best way to treat flakiness is to purchase anti-dandruff hair shampoos. But before picking one willy-nilly, here are five active ingredients that are shown to help reduce patchy flakes. Not all of these ingredients will be in the same shampoos, but when you’re trying to figure out how to get rid of dandruff fast, they’re all effective.
Coal tar is primarily effective at slowing down the regeneration of cells, so that they die at a slower rate.
Whether your dandruff is caused by yeast or a fungus, ketoconazole is a medicine that will stop it dead in its tracks. By killing the fungus or yeast, dryness and flakiness on the scalp will be minimized.
Similarly to how it reacts on your face as an anti-acne ingredient, salicylic acid in shampoos helps you to lather and rinse away layers of dead skin cells, and preventing scaly skin and a flaking scalp in the future.
Not only does selenium sulfide help to kill yeast, it also reduces the scalp’s cell regeneration speed, which decreases the amount of dead cells that need to come away at any given point in time.
Antifungal ingredient zinc pyrithione is one of the more common dandruff shampoo ingredients, as it prevents bacteria and fungus from building up on the scalp. By eliminating these irritants, flakes and itching are lessened.
Of course, your best bet is to prevent dandruff in the first place. Having a very oily or very dry scalp provides a prime environment for fungi or yeast to grow, so when you’re not utilizing dandruff shampoos, you should use gentle, organic beauty products and shampoos that will help balance the pH of your scalp. Balancing the oil on your scalp allows for optimum conditions for preventing dandruff. In addition, if you’re prone to flaking, you should wash your hair with more frequency, as additional washings may help scrub away flakes and fungus. However, choose a gentle shampoo and avoid harsh chemical additives for optimal hair health.
Utilize these tips for preventing dandruff — and search for these ingredients when it does flare up — and you will see how to get rid of dandruff in a hurry.
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